by Ben Lo | 2:18 am

In this post, I would like to share HSK level 1 vocabulary list with you. You should get yourself familiar with all the words on this list before taking the test. Not sure what HSK is, check this post out.

150 Words that You Should Know Before HSK

The words are divided into different categories so that you can prepare them more easily. They are numbers, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, nouns, adverbs, conjunction, preposition and auxiliary verbs.

Number Pinyin English translation
ling zero
one
èr two
sān three
four
five
liù six
seven
eight
jiǔ nine
shí ten
Pronoun Pinyin English translation
I / me
我们 wǒmen we / us
you
你们 nǐmen you (plural)
he / him
she / her
他们 tāmen they / them
她们 tāmen they / them (female)
Indicative Pronoun Pinyin English translation
zhè this
that
Interrogative Pronoun Pinyin English translation
where
shéi who
什么 shénme what
多少 duōshǎo how many, how much
how many, a few
怎么 zěnme how
怎么样 zěnmeyàng how about
Adjective Pinyin English translation
hǎo good
big
xiǎo small
duō many, much
shǎo few, little
lěng cold
hot
高兴 gāoxìng happy
漂亮 piàoliang pretty or beautiful
Verb Pinyin English translation
谢谢 xièxie Thank you.
不客气 búkèqì You are welcome.
再见 zàijiàn Goodbye
qǐng Please.
对不起 duìbùqǐ Sorry.
没关系 méiguānxì It is ok. No big deal.
shì be verb (is am are)
yǒu to have
kàn to look, to wach, to look at
tīng to listen
说话 shuōhuà to speak, to talk
to read
xiě to write
看见 kànjiàn to see
jiào to call
lái to come
huí to return, to be back
to go
chī to eat
to drink
睡觉 shuìjiào to sleep
打电话 dǎdiànhuà to make a phone call, to call
zuò to do
mǎi to buy
kāi to open
zuò to sit
zhù to live
学习 xuéxí to study
工作 gōngzuò to work
下雨 xiàyǔ to rain
ài to love
喜欢 xǐhuān to like
xiǎng to want
认识 rènshi to know
Direction Pinyin English translation
shàng up, above
xià down, below
前面 qiánmiàn in front of
后面 hòumiàn behind, in the back of
lǐmiàn inside
Time Pinyin English translation
今天 jīntiān today
明天 míngtiān tomorrow
昨天 zuótiān yesterday
上午 shàngwǔ morning
中午 zhōngwǔ noon
下午 xiàwǔ afternoon
nián year
yuè month
day
星期 xīngqī week
diǎn o’clock
分钟 fēnzhōng minute
现在 xiànzài now
时候 shíhou moment
Noun Pinyin English translation
jiā home
学校 xuéxiào school
饭馆 fàndiàn restaurant
商店 shāngdiàn shop, store
医院 yīyuàn hospital
火车站 huǒchēzhàn train station
中国 Zhōngguò China, mainland China
北京 Běijīng Beijing, capital of China
爸爸 bàba father
妈妈 māma mother
儿子 érzi son
女儿 nǚér daughter
老师 lǎoshī teacher
学生 xuéshēng student
同学 tóngxué classmate
朋友 péngyǒu friend
医生 yīshēng doctor
先生 xiānsheng Mr.
小姐 xiǎojiě Miss
衣服 yīfu clothes
shuǐ water
cài vegetable, dish
米饭 mǐfàn rice
水果 shuǐguǒ fruit
苹果 píngguǒ apple
chá tea
杯子 bēizi cup
出租车 chūzūchē taxi
qián money
飞机 fēijī airplane
电视 diànshì television
电脑 diànnǎo computer
电影 diànyǐng movie
天气 tiānqì weather
māo cat
gǒu dog
东西 dōngxi thing
rén person, people
名字 míngzi name
shū book
汉语 hànyǔ Mandarin Chinese
(Chinese) character
桌子 zhuōzi desk, table
椅子 yǐzi chair
Adverb Pinyin English translation
no, not
méi no
hěn very
tài too
dōu both, all
Conjunction Pinyin English translation
and
Preposition Pinyin English translation
zài in, on, at
Auxiliary Pinyin English translation
huì will, know how to do something
néng be able to, can
de to indicate possession

(of, or someone’s)

le
  1. 1. to show that an action has been done
  2. 2. to indicate a change
ma be put in the end of a sentence to show it is a question
ne
classifier Pinyin English translation
a, an, one

classifier for objects in general and people

suì year(s) old
běn classifier for books
xiē some
kuài chunk, piece

classifier for cake, soap, wood, etc.

 

How to Use this Table

Personally, I do not like to memorize words without any contexts. If you feel comfortable memorizing new vocabulary from a table, feel free to do so. But if you do not, I suggest you learn these words from textbooks, meaningful contexts or through daily life conversation.

This table/chart can serve you as a self-test to see if there are any words that you have never seen before or are not sure what it means or how it is used in a sentence. Then, you have to work on those unfamiliar words. Your task is to be very familiar with these words before taking your HSK level 1.

If you need a PDF to read on your laptop/computer, you can go here.

Before We Go

I hope this chart helps you identify words that you still need to work on. If you have any questions or comments, feel free to leave a message or comment below. I will get back to you as soon as possible.

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